Journey To Mecca - About

  • What is Islam?

    Islam is the religion of the Muslim people. The father of the Islamic religion is the Prophet Abraham. The Arabic word ‘Islam’ is derived from a word meaning peace.

  • Who are Muslims?

    Over 1 billion people, nearly a 1/5 of the world’s population, are united by their common faith in Islam. Muslims believe in a single all powerful God, translated in Arabic as Allah, and the Prophets who brought His revelations to humankind, which include the Prophets Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John the Baptist, and Jesus. Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammed revealed God’s final message to man.

  • What is the Qur’an?

    The Qur’an (or Quran) is a record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammed. The Prophet Muhammed received his first revelation from God at the age of 40 while he was on a meditative retreat on the Mountain of Light, near Mecca.

  • What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

    The five pillars of Islam represent the religious framework of a Muslim’s life and include: Faith in one God and his Prophet Muhammed; Prayer five times a day; Charity (known as Zakat); Fasting during the month of Ramadan; the pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able.

  • What is the Hajj?

    The Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the longest running annual events in human history, which millions of Muslim pilgrims perform each year, from hundreds of countries around the world.

    The Hajj commemorates the trials of the Prophet Abraham, the father of Jews, Christians and Muslims alike, and celebrate his virtues: Peace, friendship, and equality.

    All Muslims are required by the Quran to perform the Hajj, if they are financially and physically able to do so, once in their lives.

    The rituals of the Hajj include:

  • What is the Ka’bah?

    The Ka'bah, or Kabbah, is a cube-shaped building located inside the Haram mosque at Mecca, the holiest place in Islam. The mosque was built around the original Ka'bah, which, according to the Qu'ran, was built by the Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. Islamic traditions claim that the Ka’bah was first built by the first man, the Prophet Adam.

  • Where is Mecca?

    Mecca, known in Arabic as Makkah, is a city of nearly 2 million people, located in the Hijaz region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, just inland from the Arabian Sea, and the port city of Jeddah.

    Mecca was located at the crossroads of major caravan routes, and home to abundant water due to a spring known as the Zamzam well. The desert conditions of the Arabian peninsula provided the context for constant conflict between local tribes, but each year these tribes would make peace and journey to Mecca on an annual pilgrimage.

    Mecca is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammed, the site where the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammed and is the holiest city in Islam.

  • Who is Ibn Battuta?

    Ibn Battuta, whose full name is Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Al Lawati Al Tanji Ibn Battuta, is one of the greatest travelers in history. Born in 1304, the year after Marco Polo died, he travelled three times farther than his near contemporary. In 1325, when he was 21 years old, he left his law career and home in Tangier, Morocco as a pilgrim to perform his first Hajj. He would not reach Mecca for a year and a half. Risking his life, he travelled to 44 countries and did not return back to Tangier for nearly 30 years. At the request of the Sultan of Morocco, he transcribed his journeys in a famous travel book known as The Rihla: A gift to Those Who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Travelling, which is housed in the National Public Library in Paris. A crater on the moon named in his honour.

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